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Causes of Kidney Disease and Prevention

Causes of Kidney Disease : According to the National Institutes of Health, high blood pressure and diabetes are most common causes of kidney disease. You will be at risk of kidney problem if your family has history of kidney problem.

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Hypertension
  • Glomerular disease
  • Hereditary and congenital renal disease
  • Other causes of kidney disease.

These information are produced and brought by national institute of health.

Diabetic nephropathy

Keeping the system from consuming glucose is caused by diabetes, Glucose may behave like a poison if it  remains in the blood cells instead of dissolving, If unused glucose damages to the kidney it is called diabetic nephropathy. You can protect your kidney from diabetic nephropathy if you maintain your blood’s glucose level down.


Hypertension may cause damage to the blood vessels in the kidney. Damaged blood vessels can not filter the blood’s wastes.In this Case hypertension treatment & medication may be recommended by your doctor,. We found these inhibitors and angiotensin receptor antagonists (ARBs) for high blood pressure medications with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) that reduce blood pressure  and protect the kidney  as compared to other medicines. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), one of the National Institutes of Health suggests that diabetes patients or poor kidney patients should maintain blood pressure at 130/80 mmHg or less.

Glomerular disease

In this category, multiple kidney diseases are gathered, including sclerotic diseases, infection-related diseases autoimmune diseases, As its name suggests, glomerular disease attacks small blood vessels (glomeruli) in the kidneys. focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, IgA nephropathy, membrane nephropathy are the most common glomerular disease. Urine protein, blood or both are major symptoms of this type of disease.They can gradually damage the kidneys. The control of blood pressure is important for any kidney related disease. Immunosuppressive medicine is part of Treatment for glomerular diseases, and steroids which reduce proteinuria and inflammation  depending on the disease.

Hereditary and congenital renal disease

Some renal diseases are caused by genetic factors. For example, polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder that develops in many cysts in the kidneys. PKD cysts can progressively replace most kidneys, reducing renal function, leading to renal failure.

Before birth some kidney related disease may occur Examples include autosomal recessive PKD and other developmental related problems which usually interfere with normal nephron.

In Children, signs of various kidney problems may be shown up. Children can develop abnormally, often vomit or cause back pain or side pain. Some kidney problems can be “silent” for many days,months and years.

The primary signs of kidney problems may include hypertension, a small amount of red blood cells (anemia), or protein or blood in the urine. If the doctor detects these disease, more examinations may be needed, including urine test & blood test or radiological exams. Doctor may need a biopsy in some conditions, he removes a small kidney, and examines it with microscope.

Some hereditary kidney diseases may not be discovered before adult age. The most common form of PKD was formerly known as “adult PKD” because the signs of hypertension and kidney failure usually are not found in patients until they are in adulthood age. But with the advancement of diagnostic imaging, doctors have discovered adolescents  and cysts in children before any other signs occur.

Other factors of renal disease

Toxins and trauma, such as direct and pulsating hazards to the kidneys, may cause renal disease.

Some medications may be toxic to the kidneys when applied over the long term. Medicines include aspirin, acetaminophen and other medications such as ibuprofen are the most dangerous for the kidneys. If you take a regular pain reliever, consult with your doctor to make sure it does not endanger the kidneys.

Updated: December 22, 2017 — 5:14 pm

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